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Auto Magic Mist

AUTO APPEARANCE EXPERTS

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Auto Magic Mist

AUTO APPEARANCE EXPERTS


                            
     



                        

                              
         
        
       

                                    
Glossary of Terms Used by Auto Detailing Professionals

Abrasive - Particles in polishes and compounds used by auto detailers to wear away some of the paint surface to remove imperfections.

Accelerated Dry Paint Finishes - Refinish work put into an air make-up systems to speed up the drying time from many hours to less than one hour.

Acid- Different types of acid such as oxalic, sulfuric, phosphoric, or hydroflouric are found in wheel cleaners used by car detailers.

Acid Rain - Rain containing sulfur compounds or other acidic compounds caused by industrial pollution which can harm car finishes.

Acid Rain Spots - Known by auto detailers as spots of white mineral deposits, usually calcium or salt, produced when the sun evaporates water standing on the vehicle surface.

Air Dry Paint Finishes - Unlike ‘Accelerated Dry Paint Finishes' above, refinish work allowed to dry naturally without the application of heat or moved air.

Appearance Reconditioning - Including auto detailing, the restoration of a car's appearance to brand new.

Bath Tubber - Slang for someone who mixes his own chemical products in large vats or drums, usually cheaper and of poor quality.

Blushing - When paint finish turns cloudy after polishing new paint because solvents haven't fully evaporated from the paint yet.

Buffer - Equipment used to apply products to the vehicle. Compared to hand buffing, reduces time and can achieve better results.

Buffer Marks - Circular marks in the paint from improper use of a buffer.

Burn - To accidentally scar or remove paint from improper use of a polisher.

Carnauba Wax - Nature's hardest natural wax but one which melts at 160 degrees F which limits its durability. Should be rewaxed after 90 days.

Cleaner-Glaze - Combines light abrasive cleaner with silicones to allow auto detailers to clean and provide shine in one step.

Cleaner-Wax - Combines light abrasive cleaner with silicones plus waxes allowing auto detailers to add cleaning, shine, and protection in one step.

Clear Coat - Thin transparent layer of paint applied over the basecoat (pigmented layer) to give a shiny finish and protect the basecoat beneath.

Compound - Also known as 'Polish'. Liquid or paste abrasive that abrade a way a portion of the top paint layer or clear coat layer which contain swirls, scratches, water spots or other imperfections. Usually the first step in an auto detailing process.

Compound Scratches - Tiny scratches in the painted finish caused by use of abrasive-containing compounds, buffing cleaners, and wool cutting pads. Can be removed with polish.

Cracking, Crazing, or Checking - Paint with appearance of shattered glass. Usually caused by repeated fluxes between hot and cold weather temperatures leading to the paint drying out and losing elasticity.

Cutting Pad - A wool pad or coarse foam pad used to remove apply pre wax cleansers or remove small imperfections.

Dressing - Liquids used to give protection and shine to rubber, plastic, leather, and vinyl.

Extractor - Machine used by auto detailers to clean auto carpets and cloth seats by spraying a wet cleaning solution which is then sucked out by a vacuum.

Finishing Pad - Used by auto detailers for polishing, usually wool or soft foam.

Glaze
- Product which creates a high shine. Does not last as long as polymer sealants or waxes.

Haze
- Dull or white milky appearance from a product which has dried on the surface before being rubbed off or due to dirt imbedded on the paint surface.

Industrial Fallout - Particles of airborne pollution that becomes embedded in the car finish and oxidizes to appear as dark specks in the paint. Can be removed with special products.

One Step - A polishing product that cleans and seals at the same time as a short cut.

Orbital Buffer / Orbital Polisher - Mechanical buffer used by auto detailers that turns the pad in rapid ellipses to simulate the movement of hand buffing to remove compounding haze and to apply a wax or sealant. Different from a ‘Circular Polisher' or ‘Rotary Polisher' which is usually used in the preceding step.

Oxidation - Loss of oils in the pint due to weather elements causing the surface to look dull, chalky and feel rough. Black, red and other dark color paints oxidize quicker because they absorb more UV light from the sun than lighter colors which reflect more of it. Correction usually requires removing a portion of the top paint or clear coat which contains the oxidation using a compound (polish).

Pad Washer
- Mechanical tool to remove build up of cleaners and compounds from buffing pads.

Paint Sealer - Product applied to a clean surface to protect the paint. Comes with varying durability and gloss.

Polish - Light abrasive product designed to smooth out scratches and swirls left by compounding. Usually the second step in the auto detailing process and also called ‘Pre-Wax Cleaners' by auto detailers.

Pre-Wash - First step in preparing for auto detailing.

Sealant - Product that penetrates the surface to bond with the paint finish and create a protective film more durable than wax.

Silicone - A chemical polymer applied for exceptional water repellency and high gloss. Silicones are commonly used in automotive products to make product application and removal easier and improve their durability. When silicones were first used in the 1950's they were known to cause unsightly spots known as ‘fisheyes' when new paint was applied to a surface not thoroughly cleaned of silicone products. This has led to the persistence of a myth that silicones are bad but they work well now and are in wide use, though manufacturers will often refer to their product containing "modern polymers" when they're talking about silicone.

Synthetic Wax - (Also known by auto detailers as ‘Paint Sealants' and ‘Paint Protectants') Formulas of man-made polymers, gloss agents and oils designed to protect painted or clear coated automotive finishes. Some are water-based, others petroleum solvent-based, or a combination of both. Compared to Carnauba waxes (the hardest naturally occurring wax) they have greater durability, are easy to apply and wipe off and produce a bright shine. They create a hard glass-like barrier to protect against detergents, acid rain and pollutants.

Top Coat - Top layer of paint which is the color coat on conventional paint finishes, and the clear coat on basecoat/clearcoat finishes.

Two Step - A term used by auto detailers to describe the process of cleaning or polishing followed by a separate step to apply a coat of wax or sealer.

Wax - Paste or liquid applied by hand or a mechanical polisher to protect and shine. The final step in the auto detailing process.

Wet Sanding - A technique of simultaneously sanding and rinsing an automotive finish to remove imperfections. A complicated technique requiring experience.